考试英语(一)试题答案
注意:英语试卷为花卷,以答案内容进行核对。
完形填空
1. [c] for
2. [a] faith
3. [d] price
4. [b] then
5. [d] when
6. [b] produces
7. [c] connect
8. [d] to
9. [b] mood
10.[a] counterparts
11.[b] lucky
12.[b] protect
13.[a] between
14.[c] introduced
15.[d] inside
16.[a] discovered
17.[c] fooled
18.[b] willing
19.[a] in contrast
20.[c] unreliable
阅读理解
(text 1)
21. [d]middle-class workers.
22. [c]issues arising from automation need to be tackled
23. [a] creative potential.
24. [d]preventing the income gap from widening.
25. [b]possible solutions to it.
(text 2)
26. [d] social media was a reliable source of news.
27. [a] sharpen
28. [b] verify news by referring to diverse resources.
29. [c] readers’ misinterpretation
30. [a] a rise in critical skills for sharing news online
(text 3)
31.[b] it failed to pay due attention to patient’s rights.
32. [c] necessary adjustments.
33.[d] the value of data comes from the processing of it.
34.[d] the monopoly of big data by tech giants.
35.[b] cautious.
(text 4)
36.[b] its rigid management.
37. [a] the interference from interest groups.
38.[a] removing its burden of retiree health care.
39.[c] discontent.
40.[d] the postal service needs more than a band-aid
新题型
41. e → c → 42.g → 43. a → f → 44. b → 45. d
翻译
莎士比亚的一生和戏剧界的非凡举措及成就不期而遇。(46)在他出生之前,欧洲正经历着宗教戏剧的衰退,以及在古典的悲剧和喜剧的刺激之下新形式的创作。这些新形式最初是创作于学者之手,被一些业余爱好者演绎,但是在和西欧其他地方一样的英国,一群职业演员的成长正迫使着戏剧变得盛行,不管是新戏剧还是老戏剧,古典戏剧还是中世纪戏剧,文学性的还是滑稽剧。无论宫廷、学校、业余爱好者的组织,还是四处奔波的演员在满足戏剧娱乐的广泛需求方面都成了竞争对手。(47)但凡是读过文法学校的孩子都不会忽视戏剧其实是一种文学形式,它曾经带给希腊和罗马荣耀,并且很有可能同样带给英国荣耀。
当莎士比亚十二岁的时候,第一家剧院建立于伦敦。曾有一时,文学毫不眷顾这样的公共舞台。致力于文学造诣的戏剧为学校、宫廷、圣保罗大教堂的唱诗班或是皇家小教堂而创作,而这些戏剧,不仅为皇室演出,同时也为公众演出。(48)但是一些专业的公司在他们长期开放的剧院中崛起,怀揣文学抱负的大学生们迅速地投奔这些能让他们赖以生存的剧院。在莎士比亚二十五岁的时候,莉莉、皮尔和格林尼已经创作了迅速盛行起来并书面化的戏剧,基德也写出了让剧院人满为患的悲剧作品,马洛在普通的舞台上把诗歌和天赋引向成功—这在欧里庇得斯死去后从未发生。(49)本土的文学戏剧被创作出来,和公共剧院的联盟正式成立,至少一些好的传统已经开始了。
在接下来的长达二十五年的伊丽莎白一世时期戏剧的发展引起了学习文学历史的学生的兴趣,因为在这个崇尚信仰的时代,我们可以追随很多种戏剧和伟大事业的开始、成长、兴盛和衰退。现如今我们惊叹于戏剧的创作数量,同时也感叹为这20万居民的伦敦创作的剧作家的数量。(50)为了能意识到戏剧行为有多么的伟大,我们必须更深刻地记得,这些戏剧的主人曾经迷失过,也许没有任何一个有名的作家的作品能够幸免于难。
小作文
dear sir or madam,
we are very pleased to invite you to attend our annual graduation ceremony which is scheduled to be held at the great stadium on our campus, 2 o’clock in the afternoon on june 30th. the theme of this ceremony is: looking ahead.
at the ceremony , our president and the representative of the graduates will air their perspectives about the future in society. since you are highly respected among the students , we sincerely look forward to your attendance to witness that moment which will give us great inspirations.
please inform us your decision as soon as possible. hoping for your presence on that day.
yours sincerely,
li ming
大作文
online courses selection
what the drawing vividly depicts is that a college student
2018考研英语(一)真题+答案!_网易订阅(2018考研英语一)插图
is weighing the importance of two different kinds of courses to choose. one is easy to pass with high scores and less homework while the other is difficult to master with advanced knowledge and high creativity. the picture illustrates a common phenomenon thatmany college students nowadays prefer to choose easy courses without future considerations. however, as far as i am concerned, modern students should choose the challenging courses for individual development in the long term.
there is no denying that we students like easy examinations, but challenges make us a fulfilling college life. to begin with, we should choose the tough and creative courses. advanced academic knowledge which broaden our perspectives will definitely strengthen our competitive power in the fast-developing society.furthermore, since we are on the frontier of the times, we have the responsibility to arm us with creative knowledge to make more contribution to our better-off country.
so based on what is said above, instead of choosing the easy courses, students should select courses due to the practical needs. only in this way can we lead a meaningful and constructive life .

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