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求中山大学伦理学哲学考研经验 – 知乎(中山大学理工学院)插图
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img[data-uncomfortable]{content:url(data:image/svg+xml,%3csvg%20xmlns%3d%22http%3a%2f%2fwww.w3.org%2f2000%2fsvg%22%20viewbox%3d%220%200%20344.88888888888886%20194%22%3e%3cforeignobject%20width%3d%22344.88888888888886%22%20height%3d%22194%22%3e%0a%20%20%20%20%20%20%3cdiv%20xmlns%3d%22http%3a%2f%2fwww.w3.org%2f1999%2fxhtml%22%20style%3d%22font-size%3a%2013px%3b%20font-family%3a%20-apple-system%2c%20blinkmacsystemfont%2c%20microsoft%20yahei%2c%20sans-serif%3b%20color%3a%20%23fff%3b%20width%3a100%25%3b%20height%3a194px%3b%22%3e%0a%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%3cdiv%20style%3d%22display%3a%20flex%3b%20flex-direction%3a%20column%3b%20align-items%3a%20center%3b%20justify-content%3a%20center%3b%20height%3a%20100%25%3b%22%3e%0a%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%3csvg%20xmlns%3d%22http%3a%2f%2fwww.w3.org%2f2000%2fsvg%22%20width%3d%2218%22%20height%3d%2218%22%20viewbox%3d%220%200%2016%2016%22%20fill%3d%22currentcolor%22%3e%3cpath%20d%3d%22m8%203.65a7%207%200%2000-1.353.128.65.65%200%2011-.25-1.275a8.3%208.3%200%20018%202.35c2.387%200%204.172.954%205.357%202.125c14.511%205.615%2015.15%207.022%2015.15%208c0%20.621-.257%201.391-.699%202.134a7.076%207.076%200%2001-1.403%201.68l.495.46a.65.65%200%2011-.886.951l-.998-.929a.645.645%200%2001-.104-.097l9.73%2010.501a.647.647%200%2001-.29.301%203.15%203.15%200%2001-4.313-4.094.647.647%200%2001.234-.275l3.908%205.08a5.774%205.774%200%2000-1.283%201.522c2.282%207.198%202.15%207.707%202.15%208c0%20.522.41%201.616%201.407%202.6.965.954%202.43%201.75%204.443%201.75.468%200%20.905-.043%201.311-.12a.65.65%200%2001.243%201.277a8.322%208.322%200%20018%2013.65c-2.387%200-4.172-.954-5.357-2.125c1.49%2010.385.85%208.978.85%208c0-.598.238-1.333.648-2.046a7.054%207.054%200%20012.95%204.188l-.547-.509a.65.65%200%2011.886-.951l8.8%208.194a5.793%205.793%200%20001.244-1.453c.372-.624.516-1.163.516-1.469%200-.522-.41-1.616-1.407-2.6-.965-.954-2.43-1.75-4.443-1.75zm6.29%207.296a1.85%201.85%200%20002.534%202.36l-2.535-2.36zm8%204.85a.65.65%200%20100%201.3%201.85%201.85%200%20011.843%201.694.65.65%200%20101.296-.11a3.15%203.15%200%20008%204.85z%22%20fill-rule%3d%22evenodd%22%20clip-rule%3d%22evenodd%22%3e%3c%2fpath%3e%3c%2fsvg%3e%0a%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%3cdiv%20style%3d%22margin%3a%20.6em%200%201.2em%22%3e%e8%af%a5%e5%9b%be%e7%89%87%e6%9c%89%e5%8f%af%e8%83%bd%e4%bc%9a%e5%bc%95%e8%b5%b7%e4%b8%8d%e9%80%82%3c%2fdiv%3e%0a%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%3cbutton%20style%3d%22padding%3a%204px%201em%3b%20font-size%3a%201.1em%3b%20color%3a%20inherit%3b%20background%3a%20none%3b%20border%3a%201px%20solid%20rgba%28255%2c255%2c255%2c.5%29%3b%20border-radius%3a%209999px%3b%22%3e%e7%bb%a7%e7%bb%ad%e6%9f%a5%e7%9c%8b%3c%2fbutton%3e%0a%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%3c%2fdiv%3e%0a%20%20%20%20%20%20%3c%2fdiv%3e%0a%20%20%20%20%3c%2fforeignobject%3e%3c%2fsvg%3e);width:100%;height:194px;background:url(https://pic1.zhimg.com/v2-cf70d0759d787c70091857151c1cad4a.jpeg) no-repeat rgba(191,191,191,0.7);background-size:cover;cursor:pointer!important;}.css-jflero img.content_image[data-size=”normal”],.css-jflero img.origin_image[data-size=”normal”]{width:100%;max-width:100%;}.css-jflero img.content_image[data-size=”small”],.css-jflero img.origin_image[data-size=”small”]{width:320px;max-width:100%;}@-webkit-keyframes animation-1yvu044{from{opacity:0;}to{opacity:1;}}@keyframes animation-1yvu044{from{opacity:0;}to{opacity:1;}}中山大学01. 院校实力及现状中山大学哲学系创办于1924年,学科历史悠久,学术传统厚重,是中山大学创建之初最早培植的院系之一。
早期的中山大学哲学系名家云集,奠立了极为深厚的学术根基。例如,冯友兰先生的中国哲学研究、吴康先生的西方哲学研究、李达与何思敬先生的马克思主义哲学研究、陈荣捷先生的朱子学研究等,均在学界产生了重要影响,也奠定了中大哲学系在全国的 地位。
复系50多年以来,中山大学哲学系得到了长足的发展。目前,中山哲学系是教育部确定的全国哲学研究与人才培养基地之一,具有哲学一级学科博士学位授予权,并于2017年入选国家“双一流”建设学科。
截止2017年,中大哲学系在职专任教师共64名,其中教授37人、副教授20人、讲师7人。长江学者5名,珠江学者6名,国家级教学名师1名,享受国务院政府特殊津贴教师多名。
02. 录取情况分析中大哲学系目前有本部和珠海校区两处招生,今天我们先谈本部的情况。作为哲学a类院校,也就是双一流学科建设院校,中山大学自古以来是兵家必争之地,无论是中国哲学、外国哲学、马克思主义哲学还是逻辑学,中山大学都在学界占据很关键的地位,考研难度不可小觑,接下来我们具体分析:
首先看一下招生目录,小语种考生需要重点关注一下学科要求哦,仅有马哲、外哲、伦理学、宗教学四个专业接受小语种考生哦~
另外,中山大学哲学系的考试是分专业的,比如马哲考生考的是西哲史和马哲两门课、科哲考生考的是西哲史和科哲两门课、逻辑学考生考的是逻辑学基础和逻辑学概论,其他绝大部分专业考察中哲史和西哲史两门课,较为友好。同时,值得注意的是,2023年中山大学哲学系增设了“儒学”这门新学科,如今儒学专项研究的氛围已成蔚然大观。当然在初试上儒学并不考察更专业的内容,不过有志于研究儒学的同学还是要多作努力,在复试之前尽量形成更广博的积累和深刻的认识。
此外,中山大学本部还有博雅学院在招收哲学一级学科研究生。博雅学院由甘阳教授于2009年创办,博雅学院的培养更加注重中西方古典文献的研读和把握,此类专业可以类比国外的很多古典学系,基本上会涉及文、史、哲三方面,侧重文化研究,而不是单纯研究形而上学。(想要更具体了解这方面可以参考一下刘小枫、甘阳老师的作品,或者直接咨询加油鸭哦!)
再来看看2023年的录取名单:
从表格来看,中山400+高分众多,马哲和外哲的录取线都在390以上,竞争十分激烈,同时,2023年的中、西、马、伦理学、儒学方向分数十分密集,这几个学科的共性在于,除马哲外,其他专业考试科目一致,可能存在大家机智选择的因素哦~当然,我们往下看,会发现儒学报名人数较少,录取的5人中有3人为调剂考生。此外,逻辑学专业作为中山的强势学科并不冷门,不过科哲专业还是热度偏低,录取的4人中3人为一志愿逻辑学专业的调剂考生;最后,博雅学院目前招生名额较少,23年招生计划仅为2人都没招满(看下表可发现接受调剂1名),或许24年有意向的鸭宝们可以关注下哈~

以下是更为具体的近三年数据:
马哲在21年专项计划扩招之后,近两年都是在缩招的,不再需要那么多人了哈,不过可以看出,考研宝宝的热情还是不减的;不过仔细看数据,大家不难发现,其实每个学科都有一定程度的缩招,这主要受到推免名额的影响,近年来,越来越多的顶级院校倾向于留更多名额给推免考生,不过中山还算良心哈,留下的统考名额还是不少的!另外,小众的科哲专业、新增的儒学专业、博雅学院的哲学专业,目前竞争还不算太大,感兴趣的同学可以尝试一下哦~
03. 参考教材分析再来看看参考书:
这里大家注意区分一下哈,因为中山大学最新的考纲没有给出明确的参考书目,而是仅仅给出考试范围。此处我们根据往年情况以及网络流传版本给出大家一些推荐,具体学习的过程中还需根据考纲和真题自己再做斟酌哈~

04. 院校真题分析最后,我们来分析分析2023年的考题:
外国哲学史基础经典题型解析:简答:
第3题:培根的四假相说

西哲史基础课:培根四假相说
论述:
第2题:休谟怀疑因果关系及其怀疑论
中山院校手册:休谟因果关系
材料分析·第1题
西哲史进阶课:莱布尼茨《单子论》
“外国哲学史基础”基本分为简答、论述、材料分析三类题。简答题目前为止还算常规;论述题显然有些弯弯绕,第一道论述原题没有直接让你回答“苏格拉底的德性即知识”,而是让你从柏拉图《美诺》的角度论述柏拉图的知识论,这种情况如果是对《美诺》不够了解的话,很容易被迷惑,从而连“德性即知识”都回忆不起来……另外,最具考验考生能力的还是材料分析题,首先需要我们真的看过一些原著,或者至少对哲学家的语言表达、专业术语有比较清晰的认识和区分,材料分析题除了要判断出处外,还需要像论述题一样详细的解析和延伸,即对该思想的综述与该思想与思想史的联系等。不过,可以稍微放宽心的一点是,这种题通常不会出太冷门或者小人物,大概率是重点人物或重点思想,所以大家复习时注意把关键问题把握透彻即可。

中国哲学史基础经典题型解析:名词解释:
第3题:性三品

中山院校手册:性三品
翻译评析·第3题&第4题
中哲史进阶课:郭象《齐物论注》
中哲史进阶课:王阳明《传习录》
“中国哲学史基础”主要题型有名词解释、翻译评析、论述三类题型。名词解释很常规,不过翻译评析和论述几乎可以视为一体两面了,只不过翻译评析题明确考察文言文翻译,需要对文言词有比较精准的把握,而论述题不直接考察基本功罢了;不过二者也有难度层级的差异,翻译评析说到底还是针对单一知识点的解析与延伸,而论述题则需要对一个特定思想路径有比较深入的综述。
马克思主义哲学经典题型解析:简答:
第3题:商品拜物教
中山院校手册:马克思的商品拜物教
第4题:人体解剖是猴体解剖的钥匙
马哲史基础手册:人体解刨是猴体解刨的钥匙
文献·第1题
中山院校真题课及院校手册解析:《哥达批判纲领》关于对拉萨尔平等观的批判
“马克思主义哲学”同样考察文献题。可以说中山大学哲学系考察的专业课科目基本不能脱离文献、原著,备考的同学可千万不要偷懒啊!只看哲学史是不行的!值得一提的是,马克思主义哲学的原理部分和原著部分还是要区别看待的,或者说,应该作为两门大科目来认真备考,因为原理脱离原著和哲学史也能比较好地自圆其说,而原著则最好结合马哲史一同解读,会有更深入的理解,对此千万不要掉以轻心。
总之,中山大学绝不是简单的院校,无论是初试还是复试,都有比较严格的筛选,备考的同学最好是真正热爱哲学、愿意为其付出时间、愿意多读书的哈,千万不要抱有侥幸心理,顶尖院校也有一种操作,叫做:宁缺毋滥!

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